Title: Human vulnerability mapping facing vital services disruptions for crisis managers
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC100349
ISBN: 978-3-319-71367-0
URI: link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-71368-7_9
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-71368-7_9
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Societies rely on the exchange of essential goods and services produced by Critical Infrastructures (CI). The failure of one CI following an event could cause “cascading effects” on other CI that amplifies the crisis. Existing tools incorporate modelling and simulation techniques to analyze these effects. The CIPRNet tools go a step further by assessing the consequences on population in a static manner: people are located at their census home; their sensibility to a resource lack varies during the day. This paper improves human impacts assessment by mapping people mobility thanks to the DEMOCRITE project methodology. It focuses on location of people with regards to their activities and the time period (night/day, holidays), and discuss their sensibility to the lack of key infrastructure services. Human vulnerability maps of Paris area during periods of a working day time show the importance to take into account people mobility when assessing crisis impacts.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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