Title: Minor actinide transmutation in fast reactor metal fuels irradiated for 120 and 360 equivalent full-power days
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC100434
ISSN: 1881-1248 (Online)
URI: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tnst20
DOI: 10.1080/00223131.2015.1086706
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: An irradiation experiment on uranium–plutonium–zirconium (U–Pu–Zr) alloys containing 5 wt% or less minor actinides (MAs) and rare earths was carried out in the Ph´enix fast reactor. The isotope compositions of the fuel alloys irradiated for 120 and 360 equivalent full-power days (EFPDs) were chemically analysed by inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry after 3.3–5.3 years of cooling. The results of chemical analysis indicated that the discharged burnups of the fuel alloys irradiated for 120 and 360 EFPDs were 2.1–2.5 and 5.3–6.4 at%, respectively. The changes in the isotopic abundances of plutonium, americium, and curium during the irradiation experiment were assessed to discuss the transmutation performance of MA nuclides added to U–Pu–Zr alloy fuel. Multigroup three-dimensional diffusion and burnup calculations accurately predicted the changes in these isotopic abundances after fuel fabrication. An evaluation of the MA transmutation ratio based on the results of chemical analysis revealed that the quantity ofMA elements in the U–19Pu–10Zr–5MA (wt%) alloy decreased by about 20% during the irradiation experiment for 360 EFPDs.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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