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|Title:||Chemical contaminants entering the marine environment from sea-based sources: a review with a focus on European seas|
|Authors:||TORNERO ALVAREZ MARIA VICTORIA; HANKE Georg|
|Citation:||MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN vol. 112 no. 1-2 p. 17-38|
|Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Anthopogenic contaminants reach the marine environment mostly from land-based sources, but there are cases in which they are emitted or re-mobilized in the marine environment itself. This paper reviews the literature to compile a list of contaminants potentially released into the sea from sea-based sources and provide an overview of their consideration under existing regulatory frameworks. The resulting list contains 260 substances and for some of them (22 antifouling bio-cides, 32 aquaculture medicinal products and 34 warfare agents) concentrations and toxicity data are additionally provided. The Marine Strategy Framework Directive Descriptor 8 provides provi-sions against pollution of marine waters by chemical substances. The process for selection of the relevant substances builds on the work done for the Water Framework Directive and the Regional Sea Conventions. This review should inform about the current state of knowledge regarding ma-rine contaminant sources and provide support for setting-up of monitoring approaches, including hotspots screening.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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