Title: Sensitivity of burned area in Europe to climate change, atmospheric CO2 levels, and demography: A comparison of two fire-vegetation models
Authors: WU MinchaoKNORR WolfgangTHONICKE KSCHURGERS GuyCAMIA AndreaARNETH Almut
Citation: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-BIOGEOSCIENCES vol. 120 no. 11 p. 2256–2272
Publisher: AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC101066
ISSN: 2169-8953
URI: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015JG003036/abstract;jsessionid=1FD1BC3A840236ED566F0FD5E80B4B2D.f03t02
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC101066
DOI: 10.1002/2015JG003036
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Global environmental changes and human activity influence wildland fires worldwide, but the relative importance of the individual factors varies regionally and their interplay can be difficult to disentangle. Here we evaluate projected future changes in burned area at the European and sub-European scale, and we investigate uncertainties in the relative importance of the determining factors. We simulated future burned area with LPJ-GUESS-SIMFIRE, a patch-dynamic global vegetation model with a semiempirical fire model, and LPJmL-SPITFIRE, a dynamic global vegetation model with a process-based fire model. Applying a range of future projections that combine different scenarios for climate changes, enhanced CO2 concentrations, and population growth, we investigated the individual and combined effects of these drivers on the total area and regions affected by fire in the 21st century. The two models differed notably with respect to the dominating drivers and underlying processes. Fire-vegetation interactions and socioeconomic effects emerged as important uncertainties for future burned area in some European regions. Burned area of eastern Europe increased in both models, pointing at an emerging new fire-prone region that should gain further attention for future fire management.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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