Title: Guidelines and recommendations for indoor use of fuel cells and hydrogen systems
Authors: FUSTER BEATRICEHOUSSIN-AGBOMSON DEBORAHJALLAIS SIMONVYAZMINA ELENADANG-NHU GUYBERNARD-MICHEL GILLESKUZNETSOV MIKHAILMOLKOV VLADIMIRCHERNYAVSKIY BORISSHENTSOV VOLODYMIRMAKAROV DMITRIYDEY RANDYHOOKER PHILIPBARALDI DANIELEWEIDNER RONNEFELD EVELINEMELIDEO DANIELEPALMISANO VALERIOVENETSANOS ALEXANDERDER KINDEREN JAN
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY vol. 42 no. 11 p. 7600-7607
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC101102
ISSN: 0360-3199
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360319916306309
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC101102
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.266
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Hydrogen energy applications often require that systems are used indoors (e.g., industrial trucks for materials handling in a warehouse facility, fuel cells located in a room, or hydrogen stored and distributed from a gas cabinet). It may also be necessary or desirable to locate some hydrogen system components/equipment inside indoor or outdoor enclosures for security or safety reasons, to isolate them from the end-user and the public, or from weather conditions. Using of hydrogen in confined environments requires detailed assessments of hazards and associated risks, including potential risk prevention and mitigation features. The release of hydrogen can potentially lead to the accumulation of hydrogen and the formation of a flammable hydrogen-air mixture, or can result in jet-fires. Within Hyindoor European Project, carried out for the EU Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking safety design guidelines and engineering tools have been developed to prevent and mitigate hazardous consequences of hydrogen release in confined environments. Three main areas are considered: Hydrogen release conditions and accumulation, vented deflagrations, jet fires and including under-ventilated flame regimes (e.g., extinguishment or oscillating flames and steady burns). Potential RCS recommendations are also identified.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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