Title: 225Ac-PSMA-617 for PSMA-Targeted α-Radiation Therapy of Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
Authors: KRATOCHWIL ClemensBRUCHERTSEIFER FrankGIESEL FrederikWEIS MirjamVERBURG Frederik AntonMOTTAGHY FKOPKA KlausAPOSTOLIDIS CHRISTOSHABERKORN UweMORGENSTERN Alfred
Citation: JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE vol. 57 no. 12 p. 1941-1944
Publisher: SOC NUCLEAR MEDICINE INC
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC101316
ISSN: 0161-5505
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC101316
DOI: 10.2967/jnumed.116.178673
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a promising target in prostate cancer. Recently, we started the first-in-human treatment with an α-radionuclide–labeled PSMA ligand. Although the case series is still ongoing, we here report in advance about two patients in highly challenging clinical situations who showed a complete response to 225Ac-PSMA-617 therapy. Methods: 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT validated the presence of the PSMA-positive tumor phenotype. A 100-kBq activity of 225Ac-PSMA-617 per kilogram of body weight was administered bimonthly. Prostate-specific antigen response and hematologic toxicity were measured at least every 4 wk. Restaging was performed with 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT. Results: Both patients experienced a prostate-specific antigen decline to below the measurable level and showed a complete response on imaging. No relevant hematologic toxicity was observed. Xerostomia was the only mentionable clinical side effect. Conclusion: Targeted α-therapy with 225Ac-PSMA-617, although still experimental, obviously has strong potential to significantly benefit advanced-stage prostate cancer patients.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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