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|Title:||An interlaboratory comparison on whole water samples|
|Authors:||RICHTER Janine; ELORDUI-ZAPATARIETXE DEL AGUILA SAIOA; EMTEBORG HAKAN; FETTIG Ina; CABILIC Julie; ALASONATI Enrica; GANTOIS Fanny; SWART Claudia; GOKCEN TANER; TUNC MURAT; BINICI BURCU; RODRIGUEZ-CEA Andres; ZULIANI Tea; GONZALES-GAGO Adriana; PROFROCK Daniel; NOUSIAINEN Marjaana; SAWAL George; BUZOIANU Mirella; PHILIPP Rosemarie|
|Citation:||ACCREDITATION AND QUALITY ASSURANCE vol. 21 p. 121-129|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The European Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC requires monitoring of organic priority pollutants in so called “whole water” samples, i.e. in aqueous non-filtered samples that contain natural colloidal and suspended particulate matter. Colloids and suspended particles in the liquid phase constitute a challenge for sample homogeneity and stability. Within the joint research project ENV08 “Traceable measurements for monitoring critical pollutants under the European Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC” whole water test materials were developed by spiking defined amounts of aqueous slurries of ultra-finely milled contaminated soil or sediment and aqueous solutions of humic acid into a natural mineral water matrix. This paper presents the results of an European-wide interlaboratory comparison (ILC) using this type of test materials. Target analytes were tributyl tin, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ng/L concentration range. Results of the ILC indicate that the produced materials are sufficiently homogeneous and stable to serve as samples for e.g. proficiency testing or method validation. To our knowledge, this is the first time that ready to use water materials with a defined amount of suspended particulate and colloidal matter have been applied as test samples in an interlaboratory exercise. These samples meet the requirements of the European Water Framework Directive. Previous proficiency testing schemes mainly employed filtered water samples fortified with a spike of the target analyte in a water-miscible organic solvent.|
|JRC Directorate:||Health, Consumers and Reference Materials|
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