Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services: Urban ecosystems 4th Report, Final May 2016|
|Authors:||MAES JOACHIM; ZULIAN GRAZIA; THIJSSEN Martijn; CASTELL Carles; BARO Francesc; FERREIRA Ana; MELO Joao; GARRET Cristina Paula; DAVID Nuno; ALZETTA Claudia; GENELETTI Davide; CORTINOVIS Chiara; ZWIERZCHOWSKA Iwona; LOURO ALVES Fernando; SOUTO CRUZ Carlos; BLASI Carlo; ALÓS ORTÍ Marta María; ATTORE Fabio; AZELLA Mattia Martin; CAPORTORTI Giulia; COPIZ Riccardo; FUSARO Lina; MANES Fausto; MARANDO Federica; MARCHETTI Marco; MOLLO Barbara; SALVATORI Elisebetta; ZAVATTERO Laura; ZINGARI Pier Carlo; GIARRATANO Maria Carmela; BIANCHI Eleonora; DUPRÈ Eugenio; BARTON David; STANGE Erik; PEREZ-SOBA Marta; VAN EUPEN Michiel; VERWEIJ P.; DE VRIES Albert; KRUSE Hans; POLCE CHIARA; CUGNY-SEGUIN Marie; ERHARD Markus; NICOLAU Rita; FONSECA Alexandra; FRITZ Marco; TELLER Anne|
|Publisher:||Publication Office of the European Union|
|Other Identifiers:||OP KH-01-16-525-EN-N|
|Abstract:||This report presents guidance for mapping urban ecosystems and includes an indicator framework to assess the condition of urban ecosystems and urban ecosystem services. The scientific framework of mapping and assessment is designed to support in particular urban planning policy and policy on green infrastructure at urban, metropolitan and regional scales. The results are based on the following different sources of information: a literature survey of 54 scientific articles, an online-survey (on urban ecosystems, related policies and planning instruments and with participation of 42 cities), ten case studies (Portugal: Cascais, Oeiras, Lisbon; Italy: Padua, Trento, Rome; The Netherlands: Utrecht; Poland: Poznań; Spain: Barcelona; Norway: Oslo), and a two-day expert workshop. The case studies constituted the core of the MAES urban pilot. They provided real examples and applications of how mapping and assessment can be organized to support policy; on top, they provided the necessary expertise to select a set of final indicators for condition and ecosystem services. Urban ecosystems or cities are defined as socio-ecological systems which are composed of green infrastructure and built infrastructure. Urban green infrastructure (GI) is the multi-functional network of urban green spaces situated within the boundary of the urban ecosystem. Urban green spaces are the structural components of urban GI. This study has shown that there is a large scope for urban ecosystem assessments. Firstly, urban policies increasingly use urban green infrastructure in their planning process. Secondly, an increasing amount of data at multiple spatial scales is becoming available to support these policies, to provide a baseline, and to compare or benchmark cities with respect to the extent and management of the urban ecosystem. Concrete examples are given on how to delineate urban ecosystems, how to choose an appropriate spatial scale, and how to map urban ecosystems based on a combination of national or European datasets (including Urban Atlas) and locally collected information (e.g., location of trees). Also examples of typologies for urban green spaces are presented. This report presents an indicator frameworks with is composed of indicators to assess for urban ecosystem condition and for urban ecosystem services. These are the result of a rigorous selection process and ensure consistent mapping and assessment across Europe.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.