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|Title:||Temporal Analysis of Human Development, Water Resource Management, Governance, and Official Development Assistance variables in developing countries (1995-2010)|
|Authors:||RIVAS LOPEZ MARIA DEL ROCIO; DONDEYNAZ CELINE; CARMONA MORENO CESAR|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Sustainable development is a complex and interdisciplinary issue that encompasses different sectors: Water and Sanitation Services (WSS), health, economic activities, governance, environment and international cooperation. As water resource management is a very horizontal issue that influences many of these sectors, the water sector is chosen in this study as an entry point for analysing development. An understanding of these interrelations is essential for country decision makers and the development cooperation community. In this framework, the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) developed a new database (WatSan4Dev database) containing 42 variables that cover environmental, socio-economic, governance and financial aid flows data in developing countries. This paper extends the methods applied in Dondeynaz et al. (2012) to analyse a cross-cutting dataset covering four temporal points: 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010. It describes the selection of variables, and the statistical processes needed to improve data quality and the coherence of the database. The dataset was then structured according to five thematic factors using multivariate Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The Human Development and Poverty (HDP) factor expresses the development of a country, the Governance (GOV) factor the level of governance perceived, the Agricultural Pressure on water resources (AP) factor the balance between the main economic water users, the Water Resources (WR) factor the abundance of Water Resources, and the Official Development Assistance Composite Index (ODA CI) factor the external financial flows received. Five country profiles were defined for 2005 (the reference year) in order to 1) group similar countries, and 2) analyse the temporal evolution of countries across these profiles during the 1995-2010 period. The country profiles are useful for identifying less advanced countries that have weaknesses to be addressed. This “country picture”, which was created for five-year intervals of the period of review, facilitated the identification and understanding of how the situation of each country evolved. The paper presents the methods and the results, and discusses the variables selected, the methodological approach and the relevance of the factors defined.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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