Title: The contribution of forest carbon credit projects to addressing the climate change challenge
Citation: CLIMATE POLICY vol. 18 no. 1 p. 42-48
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC103029
ISSN: 1469-3062
URI: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14693062.2016.1242056
DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2016.1242056
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: This paper addresses the question of how forestry projects, given the recently improved standards for the accounting of carbon sequestration, can benefit from existing and emerging carbon markets in the world. For a long time, forestry projects have been set up for the purpose of generating carbon credits. They were surrounded by uncertainties about the permanence of carbon sequestration in trees, potential replacement of deforestation due to projects (leakage) and how and what to measure as sequestered carbon. Through experience with Joint Implementation (JI) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) forestry projects, albeit limited, and with forestry projects in voluntary markets, considerable improvements have been made with accounting of carbon sequestration in forests, resulting in a more solid basis for carbon credit trading. The scope of selling these credits exists both in compliance markets, although currently with strong limitations, and in voluntary markets for offsetting emissions with carbon credits. Improved carbon accounting methods for forestry investments can also enhance the scope for forestry in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that countries must prepare under the Paris Agreement.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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