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|Title:||Cu-Zn isotope constraints on the provenance of air pollution in Central Europe: Using soluble and insoluble particles in snow and rime|
|Authors:||NOVAK Martin; SIPKOVA Adela; CHRASTNY Vladislav; STEPANOVA Marketa; VOLDRICHOVA Petra; VESELOVSKY Frantisek; PRECHOVA Eva; BLAHA Vladimir; CURIK Jan; FARKAS Juraj; ERBANOVA Lucie; BOHDALKOVA Leona; PASAVA Jan; MIKOVA Jitka; KOMAREK Arnost; KRACHLER MICHAEL|
|Citation:||ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION vol. 218 p. 1135-1146|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) isotope ratios can be used to fingerprint sources and dispersion pathways of pollutants in the environment. Little is known, however, about the potential of δ65Cu and δ66Zn values in liquid and solid forms of atmospheric deposition to distinguish between geogenic, industrial, local and remote sources of these potentially toxic base metals. Here we present Cu-Zn deposition fluxes at 10 mountain-top sites in the Czech Republic, a region affected by extremely high industrial emission rates 25 years ago. Additionally, we monitored isotope composition of Cu and Zn in vertical and horizontal atmospheric deposition at two sites. We compared δ65Cu and δ66Zn values in snow and rime, extracted by diluted HNO3 and concentrated HF. Cu and Zn isotope signatures of industrial pollution sources were also determined. Cu and Zn deposition fluxes at all study sites were minute. The mean δ65Cu value of atmospheric deposition (−0.07‰) was higher than the mean δ65Cu value of pollution sources (−1.17‰). The variability in δ65Cu values of atmospheric deposition was lower, compared to the pollution sources. The mean δ66Zn value of atmospheric deposition (−0.09‰) was slightly higher than the mean δ66Zn value of pollution sources (−0.23‰). The variability in δ66Zn values of atmospheric deposition was indistinguishable from that of pollution sources. The largest isotope differences (0.35‰) were observed between the insoluble and soluble fractions of atmospheric deposition. These differences may result from different sources of Cu/Zn for each fraction. The difference in isotope composition of soluble and insoluble particles appears to be a promising tool for pollution provenance studies in Central Europe.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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