Title: Issues associated with modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cell by computational fluid dynamics
Citation: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES vol. 343 no. 3 p. 550–563
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC103423
ISSN: 0378-7753
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378775317300605
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.01.059
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The objective of the current study is to highlight possible limitations and difficulties associated with Computational Fluid Dynamics in PEM single fuel cell modelling. It is shown that an appropriate convergence methodology should be applied for steady-state solutions, due to inherent numerical instabilities. A single channel fuel cell model has been taken as numerical example. Results are evaluated for quantitative as well qualitative points of view. The contribution to the polarization curve of the different fuel cell components such as bi-polar plates, gas diffusion layers, catalyst layers and membrane was investigated via their effects on the overpotentials. Furthermore, the potential losses corresponding to reaction kinetics, due to ohmic and mas transport limitations and the effect of the exchange current density and open circuit voltage, were also investigated. It is highlighted that the lack of reliable and robust input data is one of the issues for obtaining accurate results.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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