Title: Submarine power cable between Europe and North America: A techno-economic analysis
Citation: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION vol. 186 p. 131-145
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC103766
ISSN: 0959-6526
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC103766
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.095
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Increasing the deployment of power generators using variable renewable power sources, such as wind and solar, brings power balancing challenges in electricity systems. One mean to achieve power balancing and to share balancing resources, is to interconnect electricity systems to geographically aggregate remotely located variable power sources. This article addresses this potential and provides insights for electricity trading through a submarine power cable between Europe and the eastern part of North America. While such ambitious power interconnection concepts appear in recent literature, this article is the first to present a techno-economic analyses. This article concludes that, a 4000MW cable between Europe and North America could bring an annual socio-economic benefit of 177MV in 2030. In addition to the differences in generation costs, mutual benefits from electricity trading between Europe and North America derive from different daily peak demand times, low correlation in generation from renewable energy sources, and in seasonal demand variations. The results of the cost-benefit analysis indicate that the benefit for society is sufficient to cover the investment costs. Thus, the proposed interconnector is welfare improving.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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