Title: Human settlements in low lying coastal zones and rugged terrain: data and methodologies
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC104391
ISBN: 978-92-79-64523-5
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 28310 EN
OP LB-NA-28310-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC104391
DOI: 10.2788/216113
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: This document describes the assessment of global terrain data and a procedure to combine terrain data with newly available human settlement data. The aim is to quantify settlements in low-lying coastal zones and in topographically rugged terrain. For terrain data we use the Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission Digital Elevation Model made available at 90m (3 arc sec), for settlement data we use the Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) data set released in 2016 composed of built-up area (GHS-BU), population (GHS-POP) and settlement model (GHS-SMOD) grids and available for 4 epochs, 1975, 1990, 2000 and 2015. We show that SRTM at 90m and GHSL can be combined in a meaningful way. However, we could not generate accuracy assessment on the resulting figures as both datasets do not come with accuracy assessment. In addition, as the data extend only up to 60degrees north, the analysis is not completely global even if it covers the large part of the populated land masses. Preliminary results show that it is possible to derive quantitative measures related to the increase of population in coastal zones, and in steep terrain that may be considered prone to natural hazards. Preliminary analysis indicates that the rate of population growth for the four epochs in the low-lying coastal areas is higher than the global population growth rate. In addition, we show that we are able to measure the spatial expansion of settlements over steep slopes especially in the large cities in developing countries (i.e. Lima), but also in coastal settlements of developed countries (e.g., Italy and France).
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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