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|Title:||Global rainfall erosivity assessment based on high-temporal resolution rainfall records|
|Authors:||PANAGOS PANAGIOTIS; BORRELLI PASQUALE; MEUSBURGER KATRIN; YU BOFU; KLIK ANDREAS; JAE LIM KYOUNG; YANG J.; NI JINREN; MIAO CHIYUAN; CHATTOPADHYAY NABANSU; SADEGHI SEYED HAMIDREZA; HAZBAVI ZEINAB; ZABIHI MOHSEN; LARIONOV GENNADY A; KRASNOV SERGEY F; GOROBETS ANDREY V.; LEVI YOAV; ERPUL GUNAY; BIRKEL CHRISTIAN; HOYOS NATALIA; NAIPAL VICTORIA; OLIVEIRA PAULO TARSO; BONILLA CARLOS; MEDDI MOHAMED; NEL WERNER; AL DASHTI HASSAN; BONI MARTINO; DIODATO NAZARENO; VAN OOST K.; NEARING MARK; BALLABIO CRISTIANO|
|Citation:||SCIENTIFIC REPORTS vol. 7 no. 1 p. 4175|
|Publisher:||NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The exposure of the Earth’s surface to the energetic input of rainfall is one of the key factors controlling water erosion. While water erosion is identified as the most serious cause of soil degradation globally, global patterns of rainfall erosivity remain poorly quantified and estimates are typically associated with large uncertainties. This hampers the implementation of effective soil degradation mitigation and restoration strategies. Quantifying rainfall erosivity is challenging as it requires high temporal resolution (<30min) and high fidelity rainfall recordings over long periods of time (>10 years). Here, we present the results of an extensive global data collection effort whereby we estimated rainfall erosivity for 3,625 stations covering 63 countries. This first ever Global Rainfall Erosivity Database was used to develop a global erosivity map at 30 arc-seconds (~1 km) based on a Gaussian Process Regression (GPR). Globally, the mean rainfall erosivity was estimated to be 2,190 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1, with the highest values (>5,200 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1) in major parts of South America and the Caribbean countries, Central east Africa and South east Asia. The lowest values (< 200 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1) are mainly found in Canada, the Russian Federation, Northern Europe, Northern Africa and the Middle East. The tropical climate zone has by far the highest mean rainfall erosivity (7,104 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1) followed by the temperate (3,729 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1), whereas the lowest mean (493 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1) was estimated in the cold climate zone.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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