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|Title:||Assessing development pathway trends in developing countries over the 1995-2010 period using Multivariate Analysis|
|Authors:||DONDEYNAZ CELINE; CARMONA MORENO CESAR|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Country development is a very complex issue that can be meant from a strict economic view to a more integrated vision including human living conditions, and the preservation of the environment. This study has chosen to analyse the sustainable development in terms of access to basics services, pressure of activities on water resources, in a context of growing population, urbanization and external support from Donors. From the WatSan4dev database (Dondeynaz et al, 2012), 103 countries from Latin America, Africa and South- East Asia are analysed according to 22 variables that include the access to education, health, Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) basic services, urbanisation process, uses of water resource across 3 main economic sectors, freshwater availability, governance (GOV) and Official Development Assistance (ODA). The measure of human development (HDP) has progressed for all countries (expect 1) during 1995-2010 period. Countries have been in 5 reference profiles, the profiles 4 and 5 are considered the poorest including mostly African countries and profile 5 the least advantaged. The mid-term changes over the 1995-2010 concern 16% of the countries, where the most observable evolutions are related to governance and ODA aspects.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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