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|Title:||Status and opportunities for energy recovery from municipal solid waste in Europe|
|Authors:||SCARLAT NICOLAE; FAHL FERNANDO; DALLEMAND JEAN-FRANCOIS|
|Citation:||WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION vol. 10 no. 9 p. 2425-2444|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This paper provides an overview of waste generation and treatment operations in the European Union (EU) and other European countries and an analysis of the possibilities for the use of municipal solid waste (MSW) for energy production. A geographic information system based methodology was developed to investigate the spatial distribution of MSW and to identify the optimal location for new potential waste-to-energy in Europe. In 2016, there were 512 plants in Europe, with 251 combined heat and power plants, 161 electricity-only and 94 heat-only plants, which provide a total incineration capacity of 93 million tonnes. The suitability analysis showed that there is a potential to implement around 248 new waste to energy plants in the EU and 330 in all Europe, with a total capacity of 37 and 50 million tonnes, respectively. This represents an additional primary energy production of 260 PJ (6.2 Mtoe) in the EU, in comparison to 406 PJ (9.7 Mtoe) already produced in 2015, and about 352 PJ (8.4 Mtoe) in all European countries considered in this analysis.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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