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|Title:||Gender Equality in Human Capital and Fertility in the European Regions in the Past|
|Authors:||HIPPE RALPH; PERRIN FAUSTINE|
|Citation:||INVESTIGACIONES DE HISTORIA ECONOMICA vol. 13 p. 166-179|
|Publisher:||SPANISH ASSOCIATION OF ECONOMIC HISTORY|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Gender inequality in human capital has been shown to be an important indicator of economic development but has remained unexplored in a historical European perspective. Using a new and large historical database on male and female literacy rates, we provide new evidence on the distribution of gender inequality in human capital in European regions in 1900 and 1960. We explore the distribution of fertility rates to account for the relationship between gender equality in education and the fertility transition. The data show a reversal of educational fortunes and regional fertility rates. Regions with lower fertility rates in the past tend to display higher rates today.|
|JRC Directorate:||Growth and Innovation|
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