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|Title:||Geography, Land Inequality and Regional Numeracy in Europe in Historical Perspective|
|Authors:||BATEN JÖRG; HIPPE RALPH|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC GROWTH vol. 23 no. 1 p. 79-109|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||We find a relationship between geographic factors and numeracy in more than 300 regions of Europe around the year 1900. We argue that the distribution of land ownership is a plausible mechanism, given that it is related to the geographic factors under study. Consistent with theoretical studies in the Unified Growth Theory framework, we find that inequality in land distribution has a negative correlation with human capital formation as landowners did not have incentives to promote educational institutions or were not willing to pay the necessary taxes. This study explains a substantial share of the differences in development gradients between rural European regions in a historical perspective.|
|JRC Directorate:||Growth and Innovation|
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