Title: Measurement and interpretation of the thermo-physical properties of UO2 at high temperatures: the viral effect of oxygen defects
Authors: PAVLOV TSVETOSLAV RUMENOVWENMAN MARKVLAHOVIC LUKAROBBA DAVIDEKONINGS RUDYVAN UFFELEN PAULGRIMES R. W.
Citation: ACTA MATERIALIA vol. 139 p. 138-154
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC106492
ISSN: 1359-6454
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC106492
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2017.07.060
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Values are reported of specific heat, thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of UO2 from 1500 K to 2900 K based on laser flash measurements. Experiment is complemented by the development of solid state physics models that aid in the interpretation of the results. Specific heat is shown to exhibit a smooth maximum at 2715 K ± 100 K, consistent with a competition between two processes - oxygen defect interactions (net attraction) and saturation of oxygen interstitial sites. The specific heat model and measurements show, for the first time that a gradual pre-melting transition is consistent with high temperature literature values – enthalpy increment measurements and independently measured high temperature oxygen defect concentrations. Thermal conductivity exhibits a minimum consistent with: 1) an increase in electronic thermal conductivity via polaron production and mobilization and 2) degradation in lattice thermal conductivity due to phonon - phonon scattering and phonon - defect scattering. It is predicted that the high concentration of oxygen defects should contribute significantly to electrical conductivity and thermal expansion at high temperatures.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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