Title: Adaptation measures in Intended Nationally Determined Contributions from Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries
Authors: ROSSI RAFFAELEMIOLA APOLLONIA
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC106844
ISBN: 978-92-79-70067-5
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 28664 EN
OP KJ-NA-28664-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC106844
DOI: 10.2760/309972
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Due to higher risk of climate change impacts, Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are identified as the two country categories in which adaptation action is most needed. To address adaptation issues, countries submitted, under the framework of the Paris Agreement, Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), a vehicle to communicate adaptation actions and needs. This study performs an analysis of adaptation measures communicated through the INDCs of 74 developing countries belonging to the SIDS and LDC groups. By looking at the measures as provided in INDCs, the study makes an assessment of communicated adaptation actions and needs from recipients’ perspective. Besides categorising the types of adaptation actions and calculating total communicated costs, an in-depth analysis of information exhaustiveness in INDCs is performed, classifying the countries depending on the degree of detail in communicated information and looking at factors connected to the provision of exhaustive information. Total communicated costs amount to USD 228 billion, of which USD 141 billion are costs for specified actions and the remainder is composed of non-specified aggregates. With only 6.5 percent of specified actions being unconditional, the greatest bulk of actions are conditional on external support. Factors influencing information exhaustiveness in INDCs have been investigated through a conceptual framework that examines the willingness and the capacity to provide information. By looking at the indicators used for the analysis, preliminary results seem to indicate that countries communicating more exhaustive information are associated with higher levels of need of adaptation action, but are also associated with lower scores in terms of institutional, economic, financial, technical and human capacity. In contrast, the results do not show correlation between information exhaustiveness and political willingness to use the INDC framework.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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