Title: Reductive precipitation of neptunium on iron surfaces under anaerobic conditions
Authors: YANG H.CUI D.GROLIMUND DANIELRONDINELLA VINCENZOBRÜTSCH R.AMME MARKUSKÜTAHYALI CARENWISS THIERRYPURANEN A.SPAHIU KASTRIOT
Citation: JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS vol. 496 p. 109-116
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC107653
ISSN: 0022-3115
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC107653
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.07.051
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Reductive precipitation of the radiotoxic nuclide 237Np from nuclear waste on the surface of iron canister material at simulated deep repository conditions was investigated. Pristine polished as well as pre-corroded iron specimens were interacted in a deoxygenated solution containing 10–100 μM Np(V), with 10 mM NaCl and 2 mM NaHCO3 as background electrolytes. The reactivity of each of the two different systems was investigated by analyzing the temporal evolution of the Np concentration in the reservoir. It was observed that pre-oxidized iron specimen with a 40 μm Fe3O4 corrosion layer are considerably more reactive regarding the reduction and immobilization of aqueous Np(V) as compared to pristine polished Fe(0) surfaces. 237Np immobilized by the reactive iron surfaces was characterized by scanning electron microscopy as well as synchrotron-based micro-X-ray fluorescence and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. At the end of experiments, a 5–8 μm thick Np-rich layer was observed to be formed ontop of the Fe3O4 corrosion layer on the iron specimen. The findings from this work are significant in the context of performance assessments of deep geologic repositories using iron as high level radioactive waste (HLW) canister material and are of relevance regarding removing pollutants from contaminated soil or groundwater aquifer systems.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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