Title: Urbanization as a driver of changing food demand in Africa: Evidence from rural-urban migration in Tanzania
Authors: COCKX LARACOLEN LIESBETHDE WEERDT JOACHIMGOMEZ Y PALOMA SERGIO
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC107918
ISBN: 978-92-79-73182-2
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 28756 EN
OP KJ-NA-28756-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC107918
DOI: 10.2760/515064
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: There is rising concern that the ongoing wave of urbanization will have profound effects on eating patterns and increase the risk of nutrition-related non-communicable diseases. Yet, our understanding of urbanization as a driver of food consumption remains limited and primarily based upon research designs that fail to disentangle the effect of living in an urban environment from other socioeconomic disparities. Data from the Tanzania National Panel Survey, which tracked out-migrating respondents, allow us to compare individuals’ dietary patterns before and after they relocated from rural to urban areas and assess whether those changes differ from household members who stayed behind or moved to a different rural area. We find that individuals who relocated to urban areas experience a much more pronounced shift away from the consumption of traditional staples, and towards more high-sugar, conveniently consumed and prepared foods. Contrary to what is often claimed in the literature, living in an urban environment is not found to contribute positively to the intake of protein-rich foods, nor to diet diversity. Though we do not find a strong association with weight gain, these changes in eating patterns represent a clear nutritional concern regarding the potential longer-term impacts of urbanization. Our results however also indicate that the growth of unhealthy food consumption with urbanization is largely linked to rising incomes. As such, health concerns over diets can be expected to spread rapidly to less-urbanized areas as well, as soon as income growth takes off there. Our findings clearly call for more in-depth research that may help to improve health and food and nutrition security as well as correctly predict food demand and adapt trade, agricultural and development policies.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
jrc_report_urbanization_as_a_driver_of_changing_food_demand_jan2019_1.pdf1.55 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.