Title: Scenarios for resilience and climate adaptation strategies in Tenerife (Canary Islands): Three pathways towards 2040
Authors: HERNANDEZ GONZALEZ YERAYMARINHO FERREIRA BARBOSA PAULOCORRAL SERAFIN
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC108017
ISBN: 978-92-79-73633-9 (print)
978-92-79-73632-2 (online)
ISSN: 1018-5593 (print)
1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 28786 EN
OP KJ-NA-28786-EN-C (print)
OP KJ-NA-28786-EN-N (online)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC108017
DOI: 10.2760/587634
10.2760/446489
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: A participatory scenario building process for small island resilience is carried out for the Tenerife Island (Canary Islands, Spain). The plot of the scenarios is based on institutional analyses and participatory techniques where key local stakeholders and citizens were engaged. A press analysis was done in order to identify the main narratives regarding the current level of resilience and its potentialities in the future, as well as to identify the stakeholders involved in the discourse. Meanwhile, in-depth interviews, questionnaires and focus groups were carried out to engage the stakeholders and local citizens in the exploration of futures scenarios for resilience in Tenerife. The scenarios brought out three potential pathways for 2040. The first scenario prolongs the current business as usual situation where the island may be defined as highly vulnerable to external shocks, especially due to its high external dependency on food and energy production, as well as the need for energy allocated to water desalination. The second scenario relies on an active local community that encourages increasing rates of local food production and a 100% renewable energy system such that desalination may no longer depend on fossil fuels. Lastly, the third scenario depicts a pathway where several active groups of people engages in building resilience without the umbrella of local governments, due to politicians are no longer seen as part of the solution, but part of the problem. Now, collaborative community networks in bioagriculture, fog-water collection, and cooperative-based renewable energy production become increasingly important. Findings show that resilience is understood as the reinforcement of the nexus between water-energy-food sovereignty that might imply a change in the local economic model such that poverty can be reduced and climatic shocks can be buffered.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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