Title: Tropical Cyclone ENAWO - Post-Event Report
Authors: PROBST PAMELAPROIETTI CHIARAANNUNZIATO ALESSANDROPARIS STEFANOWANIA ANNETT
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC108086
ISBN: 978-92-79-73498-4
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 28779 EN
OP KJ-NA-28779-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC108086
DOI: 10.2760/46665
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Tropical Cyclones (TCs) are among the most damaging events. They affect the population with three dangerous effects: strong wind, heavy rain and storm surge. JRC has developed a system used in Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) that includes the analysis of all these effects for every TC occurring worldwide to assess the overall impact. This document is the first POST-EVENT Report, which is a new type of report produced by the JRC after a major event aimed to report the real status of the impact that occurred, based on media reports, onsite analyses, and satellite images. The event analysed in this report is the intense TC ENAWO, that made landfall in north-eastern Madagascar on 7 March 2017, killing more than 80 people and causing extensive damage, especially in Sava and Analanjirofo regions. Authorities issued a "declaration of national emergency" and formally requested international assistance on 14 March. GDACS issued the first RED alert (for high winds) in Madagascar on 3 March. The Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC) of DG ECHO activated ARISTOTLE on 5 March and the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS) on 7 March. The responses of the alert and information systems are analysed and the results are compared with the damage reported by national authorities and satellite images analysis. In order to improve the current early warning system and impact estimations, JRC is implementing a new method to evaluate the areas potentially most affected by a TC, using new datasets and classifications. The results are also included in the report.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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