Title: Grandparental a vailability for child c are and m aternal labor force participation: Pension Reform Evidence from Italy
Authors: BRATTI MASSIMILIANOFRATTINI TOMMASOSCERVINI FRANCESCO
Citation: JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS vol. 31 no. 4 p. 1239-1277
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC108625
ISSN: 0933-1433
URI: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00148-017-0683-7
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC108625
DOI: 10.1007/s00148-017-0683-7
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: In this paper, we exploit pension reform-induced changes in retirement eligibility requirements to assess the role of grandparental child care availability in the labor force participation of women with children under 15. Our analysis shows that, among the women studied, those whose own mothers are retirement eligible have a 11 percent higher probability of being in the labor force than those whose mothers are ineligible. The pension eligibility of maternal grandfathers and paternal grandparents, however, has no significant effect on the women’s labor force participation. We also demonstrate that the eligibility of maternal grandmothers mainly captures the effect of their availability for child care. Hence, pension reforms, by potentially robbing households of an important source of flexible, low-cost child care, could have unintended negative consequences for the employment rates of women with children.
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