Title: The Airport Charges Directive and the level of airport charges
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC110275
ISBN: 978-92-79-77712-7
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 29059 EN
OP KJ-NA-29059-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC110275
DOI: 10.2760/814622
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: This report presents results of the impact evaluation of the Directive 2009/12/EC - the Airport Charges Directive (ACD) - on the level of airport charges. The ACD aimed to influence inter alia the balance of bargaining power between airlines and airports in order to promote efficient airport operations and enhance the internal aviation market. The rules set out by the ACD apply to airports that registered more than 5 million passengers per year and to the largest airport in each Member States (MS). This feature allowed the evaluation to be designed by comparing charges of airports handling more than 5 million passengers to the ones of airports below the 5 million threshold, before and after the transposition of the ACD in their respective MS. Empirical results suggest that the ACD reduced airport charges by up to 10% for both low-cost and full-service airlines in the case of EU short-haul flights. This effect is statistically relevant, albeit with a low degree of confidence, after three years following the implementation. In the case of airports serving more than 20 million passengers, that were compared to American and Asian airports of similar size, the estimates do not reveal any statistically significant effect on airport charges associated to the introduction of the ACD.
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