Title: Unexpected Behavior of Np in Oxo-selenate/Oxo-selenite Systems
Citation: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY vol. 57 no. 3 p. 1604-1613
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC110459
ISSN: 0020-1669
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC110459
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b02961
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: A study of neptunium (Np) chemistry in the complex oxo-selenium system has been performed. Hereby, two sets of precipitation experiments were conducted, investigating the influence of the initial oxidation state of selenium using SeIVO2 and H2SeVIO4 with NpV in alkali nitrate solution, keeping the ratio of Np:Se constant. Surprising results were observed. Five novel neptunium and selenium bearing compounds have been obtained by slow evaporation from aqueous solution. The novel NpIV phase K4-x[Np(SeO3)4-x(HSeO3)x]•(H2O)1.5 (1) crystallizes in green colored plate shaped crystals and was obtained by adding SeO2 and ANO3 to a NpV stock solution. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction reveals one-dimensional chain structures composed of square antiprismatic NpO8 polyhedra linked via four trigonal pyramidal SeO3 and HSeO3 units. Raman spectral analysis supports the presence of both selenite and hydroselenite due to the presence of corresponding modes within the spectra. The addition of selenic acid to a NpV stock solution resulted in the precipitation of elongated rose prisms of K2[(NpO2)2(SeO4)3(H2O)2]•(H2O)1.5 (2), Rb2[(NpO2)2(SeO4)3(H2O)2]•(H2O)2 (3) and K9[(NpO2)9(SeO4)13.5(H2O)6]•(H2O)12 (4) as well as light red plates of Cs2[(NpO2)2(SeO4)3] (5). To our knowledge, this is the first report of NpVI selenates. All four structures show two-dimensional layered structures with alkali cations acting as charge balancing counter cations. Hereby the layers of compounds 2 and 3 are found to be orientational geometric isomers. Distinctly different phenomena are made responsible for the phase formation within these systems. The kinetically driven process of NpV disproportionation led to the formation of the NpIV selenites in the SeIV based system whereas the oxidation of NpV by reduction of nitrate in acidic conditions is made responsible for the formation of the NpVI sel-enates in the SeVI system. The influence of air oxygen is also discussed for the latter reaction.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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