Title: Analysis on the interaction between short-term operating reserves and adequacy
Citation: ENERGY POLICY vol. 121 p. 112-123
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC110977
ISSN: 0301-4215
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC110977
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.06.012
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: An electricity generation system adequacy assessment aims to generate statistically significant adequacy indicators given projected developments in, i.a., renewable and conventional generation, demand, demand response and energy storage availability. Deterministic unit commitment (DUC) models with exogenous reserve requirements, as often used in today's adequacy studies to represent day-to-day power system operations, do not account for the contribution of operating reserves to the adequacy of the system. Hence, the adequacy metrics obtained from such an analysis represent a worst-case estimate and should be interpreted with care. In this paper, we propose to use a DUC model with a set of state-of-the-art probabilistic reserve constraints (DUC-PR). The performance of the DUC-PR model in the context of adequacy assessments is studied in a numerical case study. The Expected Energy Not Served (EENS) volume obtained with the DUC model is shown to be a poor estimate of the true EENS volume. In contrast, the DUC-PR methodology yields an accurate estimate of the EENS volume without significantly increasing the computational burden. Policy makers should encourage adopting novel operational power system models, such as the DUC-PR model, to accurately estimate the contribution of operating reserves to system adequacy.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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