Title: Assessment of climate change in Algeria from 1951 to 2098 using the Köppen-Geiger climate classification scheme
Citation: CLIMATE DYNAMICS vol. 52 no. 1-2 p. 227-243
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC110985
ISSN: 0930-7575 (online)
URI: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00382-018-4128-0
DOI: 10.1007/s00382-018-4128-0
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Significant changes in regional climates have been observed at the end of the 20th century, taking place at unprecedented rates. These changes, in turn, lead to changes in global climate zones with pace and amplitude varying from one region to another. Algeria, a country characterized by climate conditions ranging from relatively wet to very dry (desert like), has also experienced changes in its climate regions, notably in the country’s wet region, which represents about 7% of its total surface area, but is home to 75% of its population. In this study, the pace of climate zone changes as it is defined by Koppen- Geiger was analyzed for the period from 1951 to 2098 using climate data from observation and regional climate simulations over Algeria. The ability of the CORDEX-Africa regional climate models simulations to reproduce the current observed climate zones and their shifts was first assessed. Future changes over the whole of the 21st century were then estimated based on two Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5) scenarios. Analysis of the shift rate of climate zones from 1951 to 2005 found a gradual but significant expansion of the surface area of the desert zone at an approximate rate of 650±160 km2/yr along with the abrupt shrinking, by approximately 30%, at a rate of 1086±270 km2/yr, of the warm temperate climate zone surface area. According to projections for the RCP8.5 scenario, the rate of expansion of desert climate will increase in the future (21st century), particularly during the period from 2045 to 2098.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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