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|Title:||Electrical characterization intercomparison of high-efficiency c-Si modules within Asian and European laboratories|
|Authors:||MONOKROUSSOS CHRISTOS; SALIS ELENA; ETIENNE DAMIEN; ZHANG SHERRY X. Y.; DITTMANN SEBASTIAN; FRIESEN GABI; MORITA KENGO; STANG JOHANNES; HERBRECHT THOMAS; FAKHFOURI VAHID; REBEAUD NICOLAS; PAVANELLO DIEGO; MUELLEJANS HARALD|
|Citation:||PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS vol. 27 no. 7 p. 603-622|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This work presents the results of a high-efficiency (HE) PV-module round-robin intercomparison between five Asian and European ISO/IEC 17025 accredited laboratories and one industrial laboratory based in Europe. The scope of the round-robin was to examine the measurements comparability for this PV technology with respect to ISO/IEC 17025 laboratory conformity assessment and also to examine the accuracy of step-like methods towards transient errors against already validated methods. The devices under test were 4 types of HE c-Si PV-modules with efficiencies varying between 16.5% and 19.0%. The results indicate that a satisfactory agreement was achieved with maximum deviations of 1.59% in Pmax, 1.13% in Isc and 0.64% in Voc for all devices under test. The weighted standard deviations in Pmax per device type, which can be seen as a conservative estimate of interlaboratory agreement for HE c-Si PV, ranged within 0.82%-2.23% (k=2). The accuracy of step-like methods towards transient errors was evaluated by comparing a second series of results at fixed Isc for each module under test, eliminating the influence of the effective irradiance measurement. This work suggests that the contribution of capacitive errors was in the range (0.47 ± 0.19) % (k=2). A spectral mismatch sensitivity analysis showed that an accurate measurement of the spectral irradiance and of the involved spectral responsivities together with the punctual correction for the spectral mismatch can reduce the error in the measurement of PV modules performance of about 2% even in the case of c-Si against c-Si and class AAA solar simulators.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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