Title: Effects of environmental and anthropogenic drivers on the spatial distribution of deep-sea shrimps in the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas (NW Mediterranean)
Citation: HYDROBIOLOGIA vol. 816 no. 1 p. 165–178
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC111246
ISSN: 0018-8158
URI: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10750-018-3581-4
DOI: 10.1007/s10750-018-3581-4
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: In the Mediterranean Sea, Aristaeomorpha foliacea and Aristeus antennatus are the most important target species of deep-sea trawl fisheries. Previous studies performed in several areas of the Mediterranean highlighted the key role played by both environmental factors, such as temperature, and anthropogenic activities, such as fishing, in affecting the abundance and distribution of the two species. The present study is aimed at investigating the effects of environmental and anthropogenic drivers on the abundance and spatial distribution of A. foliacea and A. antennatus in the Ligurian and northern and central Tyrrhenian Seas (NW Mediterranean). To this end, the time series of MEDITS trawl survey data (1994-2015) were analyzed together with environmental variables, namely sea surface temperature, current speed and fishing effort by means of GAM. The results show that fishing plays an important role in shaping the spatial distribution of the two species. A. antennatus is prevalent where fishing effort is higher; this can be related to the higher resilience of blue and red shrimp to fishery impact. In contrast, high temperatures are associated to the prevalence of of A. foliacea. Therefore, the abundance and spatial distribution of this species is mainly driven by temperature.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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