Title: How much difference in type-approval CO2 emissions from passenger cars in Europe can be expected from changing to the new test procedure (NEDC vs. WLTP)?
Authors: PAVLOVIC JELICACIUFFO BIAGIOFONTARAS GEORGIOSVALVERDE MORALES VICTORMAROTTA ALESSANDRO
Citation: TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART A-POLICY AND PRACTICE vol. 111 p. 136-147
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC111320
ISSN: 0965-8564
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC111320
DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2018.02.002
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: After significant efforts from many parties, the World-wide harmonized Light duty Test Procedure (WLTP) has seen its light first as the UNECE Global Technical Regulation and then as the procedure adopted in the type-approval of light-duty vehicles in Europe. The paper focuses its attention on the main procedural differences between the WLTP and the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), which is the test-procedure currently used in Europe. In general terms the WLTP appears to be a significant improvement compared to the NEDC. The main differences between two test procedures are identified and their impact on CO2 emissions quantified using the in-house built simulation software CO2MPAS. On the basis of each of these differences, the paper assesses the potential total impact on the final reported type-approval CO2 emissions. The biggest impact on CO2 emissions is coming from the changes in the road load determination procedure (~10% increase). Procedural changes concerning the test in the laboratory will bring another 8% and post-processing and declaration of results will result in difference of approximately 5% (each). Overall, the WLTP is likely to increase the type-approval CO2 emissions by approximately 25%. Therefore, the WLTP will be able to reduce more than half of the gap identified between the type-approval and real-life figures in Europe. This should be seen as a considerable improvement given the ontological limitations of a laboratory-based test procedure.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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