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|Title:||Scarping of artificially-nourished mixed sand and gravel beaches: Sedimentological characteristics of Hayling Island beach, Southern England|
|Authors:||ZARKOGIANNIS STERGIOS; KONTAKIOTIS GEORGE; VOUSDOUKAS MICHAIL; VELEGRAKIS ADONIS; COLLINS MICHAEL B.; ANTONARAKOU ASIMINA|
|Citation:||COASTAL ENGINEERING vol. 133 p. 1-12|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Beach cliffing is a wide-spread characteristic of artificially-replenished beaches, which has many undesirable engineering, environmental and economic consequences. A sedimentological study undertaken on the replenished mixed gravel and sand beach of Hayling Island (southern England) has shown that the persisting beach cliff consists typically of three distinct layers. The textural, geochemical and mineralogical analyses of the deposit showed that the development of the cliff, and particularly the formation of the intermediate, densely-packed layer, could be attributed to a series of processes. Firstly, the techniques used to emplace the recharge material on the beach (i.e. placement by heavy dumper trucks/bulldozers) result in a compaction and grain-fracture of the recharge material, and therefore a denser packing arrangement than that expected by its textural characteristics alone. Secondly, percolating water transfers medium- and fine-grained material to deeper parts of the deposit, resulting in the clogging of the interstices between the gravels and the formation of a densely-packed, poorly-sorted layer. The above processes promote the interactions between the clay minerals of the deposit with [Ca2+] cations, resulting in the formation of particular cementing materials, such as Calcium Silicate Hydrates (CSH).|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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