Title: Building and Applying Quantitative Adverse Outcome Pathway Models for Chemical Hazard and Risk Assessment
Authors: PERKINS EDWARDASHAUER ROMANBURGOON LYLECONOLLY RORYLANDESMANN BRIGITTEMACKAY CAMERONMURPHY CHERYLPOLLESCH NATHANWHEELER JAMESZUPANIC ANZESCHOLZ STEFAN
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY vol. 38 no. 9 p. 1850-1865
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC111520
ISSN: 0730-7268 (online)
URI: https://setac.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/etc.4505
https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC111520
DOI: 10.1002/etc.4505
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: An important goal in toxicology are the development of new ways to increase the speed, accuracy and applicability of chemical hazard and risk assessment approaches. Here we examine how the Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) framework can be used to develop pathway based quantitative models useful for regulatory chemical safety assessment. By using AOPs as initial conceptual models and the AOP knowledge base as a source of data on key event relationships, different modeling methods can be applied to develop computational quantitative AOP models (qAOPs) relevant for decision making. A qAOP model may not necessarily have the same structure as the AOP it is based on. Useful AOP modeling methods range from statistical, Bayesian networks, regression, and ordinary differential equations to individual-based and population models and should be chosen according to the problem being addressed and the data available. When using qAOPs for risk assessment, we demonstrate that toxicokinetic models provide linkages between exposure and qAOPs, discuss in vitro to in vivo extrapolation, and extrapolation across species. We discuss best practices for modeling, model building and the necessity for transparent and comprehensive documentation to gain confidence in the use of a model.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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