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|Title:||The statistical properties of the networks of emigrants: the Ecuadorian case|
|Authors:||ESPINOSA ALEXANDRA; HORNA LUÍS; MENDIETA MUÑOZ RODRIGO; PONTAROLLO NICOLA|
|Citation:||INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION vol. 57 no. 4 p. 40-57|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This article shows that the threshold model appropriately analysed can explain the emigration process as a consequence of the network features, where the willingness to emigrate depends on the personal and household conditions borne by the emigrant. In such a case, the emigration process can be defined in terms of a Pólya schema, and the emigration rate converges almost surely to a random variable with a beta distribution, which fully characterizes the network (assimilation, integration, separation or marginalization). The model is applied to Ecuador, which has experienced an unprecedented wave of emigration since 1998. We show that, despite the massive exodus, the process does not constitute a diaspora, because Ecuadorians do not interact appropriately with natives.|
|JRC Directorate:||Joint Research Centre Corporate Activities|
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