Title: Measuring the efficiency of European education systems by combining Data Envelopment Analysis and Multiple-Criteria Evaluation
Citation: JOURNAL OF PRODUCTIVITY ANALYSIS vol. 51 no. 2-3 p. 105–124
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC112801
ISSN: 0895-562X (online)
URI: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11123-019-00549-6
DOI: 10.1007/s11123-019-00549-6
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Education is considered an important factor of economic growth, employment and social inclusion. However, the economic crisis has put the need to achieve educational goals in the most efficient way ever more to the fore. The main objective of this paper is to assess the spending efficiency of European compulsory educational systems, creating a ranking of countries based on the efficiency scores of their systems using a number of standard variables from the literature. To this end, we also present a methodological innovation that combines Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) with discrete Multiple Criteria Evaluation (MCE), two methods that we consider complementary if used for providing a performance analysis. Moreover, both methods identify a set of common variables which are associated with higher levels of efficiency in educational systems (e.g. some characteristics of teachers, the stock of adults’ human capital and lower expenditures per student). The results show that findings using DEA are largely confirmed by MCE.
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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