Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Global mismatches in aboveground and belowground biodiversity|
|Authors:||CAMERON ERIN; MARTINS INÊS S.; LAVELLE PATRICK; MATHIEU JÉRÔME; TEDERSOO LEHO; BAHRAM MOHAMMAD; GOTTSCHALL FELIX; GUERRA CARLOS; HINES JES; PATOINE GUILLAUME; SIEBERT JULIA; WINTER MARTEN; CESARZ SIMONE; FERLIAN OLGA; KREFT HOLGER; LOVEJOY THOMAS E.; MONTANARELLA LUCA; ORGIAZZI ALBERTO; PEREIRA HENRIQUE M.; PHILLIPS HELEN R. P.; SETTELE JOSEF; WALL DIANA; EISENHAUER NICO|
|Citation:||CONSERVATION BIOLOGY vol. 33 no. 5 p. 1187–1192|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Human activities are accelerating global biodiversity change and have resulted in severely threatened ecosystem services. A large proportion of terrestrial biodiversity is harboured by soil, but soil biodiversity has been omitted from many global biodiversity assessments and conservation actions, and understanding of global patterns of soil biodiversity remains limited. In particular, the extent to which hotspots and coldspots of aboveground and soil biodiversity overlap is not clear. We examined global patterns of these overlaps by mapping indices of aboveground (mammals, birds, amphibians, vascular plants) and soil (bacteria, fungi, macrofauna) biodiversity that we created using previously published data on species richness. Areas of mismatch between aboveground and soil biodiversity covered 27% of Earth’s terrestrial surface. The temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome had the highest proportion of grid cells with high aboveground biodiversity but low soil biodiversity, whereas the boreal and tundra biomes had intermediate soil biodiversity but low aboveground biodiversity. While more data on soil biodiversity are needed, both to cover geographic gaps and to include additional taxa, our results suggest that protecting aboveground biodiversity may not sufficiently reduce threats to soil biodiversity. Given the functional importance of soil biodiversity and the role of soils in human well-being, soil biodiversity should be considered further in policy agendas and conservation actions by adapting management practices to sustain soil biodiversity and considering soil biodiversity when designing protected areas.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.