Title: Values and preferences for domestic water use: Α study from the transboundary River Basin of Mékrou (West Africa)
Citation: WATER vol. 10 no. 9 p. 1232
Publisher: MDPI AG
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC113104
ISSN: 2073-4441 (online)
URI: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/10/9/1232
DOI: 10.3390/w10091232
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Water is indispensable for human life and sufficient domestic use is considered as a regularity in the western world. The conditions are substantially different in African countries where poverty and lack of life-supporting services prevail. The provision of domestic water is an essential problem, which requires action. Τhe lack of sufficient funding for the development of infrastructures’ support claims for citizens participations in related costs. However, can citizens pay and to what extend for sufficient water provision? The present study investigates households’ willingness to pay for domestic water in the transboundary Mékrou River Basin in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Benin and Niger) and explores the payment for domestic water provision to poverty. The paper uses the results of a household survey that has been applied in the Mekrou basin including representative sample from all three countries. Based on this survey the paper presents basic socio-economic characteristics of the local population as well as qualitative water provision and management attributes. In the core of the econometric analysis the paper presents the results of the survey’s Contingent Valuation (CV) scenario estimating the households’ willingness to pay (WTP) for a domestic water provision. The households of the Mekrou basin are willing to pay 2.81 euro per month in average for a domestic water provision network, but this is strongly related with the wealth of households. This finding although it may support the “user pays principle”, it also raises serious questions over the provision of water to poor households.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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