Title: Biorefineries distribution in the EU
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC113216
ISBN: 978-92-79-94882-4 (online),978-92-79-94883-1 (print)
Other Identifiers: OP KJ-06-18-205-EN-N (online),KJ-06-18-205-EN-C (print)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC113216
DOI: 10.2760/126478
Type: Public information documents
Abstract: • 803 biorefineries have been identified in the EU, of which 507 produce bio-based chemicals, 363 liquid biofuels and 141 bio-based composites and fibres (multi-product facilities are counted more than once). • Of those facilities, 177 are reported as integrated biorefineries that combine the production of bio-based products and energy. • The location of most biorefineries shows correspondence with chemical clusters and ports. • Generally, the highest concentration of biorefineries is located in the central part of the EU, particularly in Belgium and the Netherlands. • Agricultural resources are the feedstock source used by most biorefineries in all EU countries with the exception of Finland, Sweden and Portugal. • Marine and waste resources are relevant in some countries but not yet highly exploited in biorefineries.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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