Title: Service Trade Restrictiveness and Internationalisation of Retail Trade
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC113769
ISBN: 978-92-79-96860-0 (online)
ISSN: 1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 29418 EN
OP KJ-NA-29418-EN-N (online)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC113769
DOI: 10.2760/331386
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Based on a review of recent economic theories dealing with the internationalisation of firms and a discussion of necessary adaptations of these theories to special features of the retail trade sector, this technical report offers an empirical analysis of the determinants of the extensive and intensive margin of retail trade FDI activities of 42 countries in 23 EU countries. Special attention is paid within a gravity model framework to the impact of service trade restrictions on both margins of retail trade internationalisation. The use of hurdle models for count data to estimate the determinants of the extensive margin takes into account that there are a lot of zero counts for the number of retail trade firms controlled by a country j in an EU country i. The estimation results for the extensive margin of retail trade FDI activities show that service trade restrictiveness increases the hurdle that at least one firm from country j controls a retail trade firm in country i. Once one firm from country j has been able to jump over this hurdle, the existing service trade restrictions are neither a relevant factor for the number of following firms from country j in that market nor for the average employment and sales of these firms.
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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