Title: A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets
Authors: KOKS ELCOROZENBERG JULIEZORN CONRADTARIVERDI MERSEDEHVOUSDOUKAS MICHAILFRASER STUART ALEXANDERHALL JIMHALLEGATTE STEPHANE
Citation: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS vol. 10 p. Article number: 2677
Publisher: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC115700
ISSN: 2041-1723 (online)
URI: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-10442-3
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC115700
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-10442-3
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Transport infrastructure is exposed to natural hazards all around the world. Here we present the first global estimates of multi-hazard exposure and risk to road and rail infrastructure. Results reveal that ~27% of all global road and railway assets are exposed to at least one hazard and ~7.5% of all assets are exposed to a 1/100 year flood event. Global Expected Annual Damages (EAD) due to direct damage to road and railway assets range from 3.1 to 22 billion US dollars, of which ~73% is caused by surface and river flooding. Global EAD are small relative to global GDP (~0.02%). However, in some countries EAD reach 0.5 to 1% of GDP annually, which is the same order of magnitude as national transport infrastructure budgets. A cost-benefit analysis suggests that increasing flood protection would have positive returns on ~60% of roads exposed to a 1/100 year flood event.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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