Title: Summary of climate variability and extremes and their main impacts on agricultural production in 2018
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC115803
ISBN: 978-92-76-00600-8 (online)
ISSN: 1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 29680 EN
OP KJ-NA-29680-EN-N (online)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC115803
DOI: 10.2760/236166
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: This yearly summary reviews the main climate extremes described by the WMO state of the climate preliminary report for 2018 that had an impact on agricultural production according to JRC’s agricultural early warning system ASAP (Anomaly hotspots of Agricultural Production). Such a summary can be used as a starting point for more detailed analysis of agricultural production problems and their impact on food security as it is done by several multi-agency reports such as the Global Report on Food Crises and the Food Security and Nutrition State in the World. In 2018 major droughts affected crop and rangeland productivity in Northern and Central Europe as well as in Australia. Southern Africa experienced early season dry spells reducing maize crop production, while East, West and Central Africa experienced localized flooding during an otherwise favourable agricultural season. In Asia, Afghanistan was the main affected country with food production seriously limited by drought, while exceptional Monsoon rains and Typhoons were a problem in the Philippines, Myanmar and Laos. The final part of the report includes an oveview of climate extremes affecting crop seasons ongoing in early 2019 as well as a short summary of seasonal forecasts for the first 3 months of 2019.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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