Title: Study on DNA Profiling Technology for its Implementation in the Central Schengen Information System
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC116742
ISBN: 978-92-76-07983-5 (online)
ISSN: 1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 29766 EN
OP KJ-NA-29766-EN-N (online)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC116742
DOI: 10.2760/13343
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: In 2018, Regulation (EU) 2018/1862 added the possibility to introduce DNA profiles in alerts related to missing persons, in the Schengen Information System (SIS), in order to contribute to their identification. The present report describes the state-of-the-art for the generation and use of DNA profiles for individualisation purposes. The objective is to inform on the type of data that compose a DNA profile, and to propose ways to evaluate its quality. The report starts with an overview of the different types of DNA markers that are currently used in DNA-based forensics procedures, and a description of the processes involved in the generation and use of DNA profiles. It then provides an overview of important working groups and organisations that are active in establishing standards and best practices in the field, and examples of existing databases developed for the identification of missing persons. The practices and experiences of exchanging DNA profiles between Member States in the context of the Prüm Regulation are also discussed, highlighting the instances where the lessons learnt could be relevant for the SIS. The report concludes with an overview of the different levels of quality checks that can be performed on DNA profiles prior to their insertion in a database.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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