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|Title:||Measuring ecosystem multifunctionality across scales|
|Authors:||HÖLTING LISANNE; JACOBS SANDER; FELIPE-LUCIA MARIA; MAES JOACHIM; NORSTRÖM ALBERT; PLIENINGER TOBIAS; CORD ANNA|
|Citation:||ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS vol. 14 no. 12 p. 124083|
|Publisher:||IOP PUBLISHING LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Multifunctionality refers to the capacity of an area to supplymultiple ecosystemfunctions or services. Whilemany conceptual andmethodological advances have focused on defining and quantifying multifunctionality, the challenge of dealing with cross-scale dynamics ofmultifunctionality remains open.This study proposes a newway ofmeasuringmultifunctionality across spatial scales, illustrated with a European-wide dataset of 18 ecosystemservices.Our assessment captures not only the diversity of ecosystemservices suppliedwithin eachmunicipality (alpha-multifunctionality), but also the unique contribution of eachmunicipality to the regional ecosystemservice diversity (beta-multifunctionality). This cross-scale analysis helps better understanding the spatial distribution of ecosystemservices,which is required to designmanagement and policies at the right scale.Our analysis shows that alphamultifunctionality follows a latitudinal gradient across Europe and strongly decreases towards the city centers ofmetropolitan areas. By relating alpha- and beta-multifunctionality to land use intensity, we showthat low-intensitymanagement systems support higher ecosystemmultifunctionality across Europe.Municipalities of lowalpha-multifunctionality often contribute significantly to regional multifunctionality, by providing ecosystemservices of a specific value to the region.Ourmethod to measure both alpha- and beta-multifunctionality thus provides a newway to informreconciliation of competing land useswhenmaximizing alpha-multifunctionality is not reasonable.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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