Title: Global distribution of nearshore slopes with implications for coastal retreat
Citation: EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE DATA vol. 11 no. 4 p. 1515–1529
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC117370
ISSN: 1866-3508 (online)
URI: https://www.earth-syst-sci-data.net/11/1515/2019/
DOI: 10.5194/essd-11-1515-2019
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Nearshore slope, defined as the cross-shore gradient of the subaqueous profile, is an important input parameter which affects hydrodynamic and morphological coastal processes. It is used in both local and largescale coastal investigations. However, due to unavailability of data, most studies, especially those that focus on continental or global scales, have historically adopted a uniform nearshore slope. This simplifying assumption could however have far-reaching implications for predictions/projections thus obtained. Here, we present the first global dataset of nearshore slopes with a resolution of 1 km at almost 620 000 points along the global coastline. To this end, coastal profiles were constructed using global topo-bathymetric datasets. The results show that the nearshore slopes vary substantially around the world. An assessment of coastline recession driven by sea level rise (SLR) (for an arbitrary 0.5 m SLR) with a globally uniform coastal slope of 1 : 100, as carried out in previous studies, and with the spatially variable coastal slopes computed herein shows that, on average, the former approach would underestimate coastline recession by about 40 %, albeit with significant spatial variation. The final dataset has been made publicly available at https://doi.org/10.4121/uuid:a8297dcd-c34e-4e6d-bf66-9fb8913d983d (Athanasiou, 2019).
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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