Title: 225Ac- and 213Bi-Substance P Analogues for Glioma Therapy
Authors: KROLICKI LESZEKKUNIKOWSKA JOLANTABRUCHERTSEIFER FRANKKOZIARA HKROLICKI BJAKUCINSKI MPAWLAK DARIUSZROLA RMORGENSTERN ALFREDROSIAK ELZBIETAMERLO A.
Citation: SEMINARS IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE vol. 50 no. 2 p. 141-151
Publisher: W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC117906
ISSN: 0001-2998 (online)
URI: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC117906
DOI: 10.1053/j.semnuclmed.2019.11.004
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Within the last decades, there has been no major improvement in treatment of patients with glioma, especially with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) which is related to specific features of this tumor type, such as heterogeneity at the macroscopic, microscopic and genetic level, the infiltrative nature of tumors and the obstacle of the brain-blood barrier which limits the accessability of most drugs. The current standard of care is surgical resection, followed by radio- and chemotherapy. After first-line treatment of the primary lesion, tumor recurrence is diagnosed in virtually all GBM patients. Treatment of tumor recurrence represents a challenging clinical task. Surgical resection to relief symptoms of mass effect and/or salvage chemotherapy are often considered as last therapeutic option. A new treatment option is urgently needed. Targeted alpha therapy with an intratumoral injection of 213Bi-DOTA-Substance P (SP) or 225Ac-DOTAGA-Substance P has been introduced into the therapeutic armamentarium of recurrent GBM. There are many advantages of using SP such as very high prevalence of increased NK-1 expression in GBM cells, regardless of the degree of malignancy, and expression of the NK-1 receptor system not only on the membrane of cancer cells but also strong expression of NK1 receptors within the tumor neovasculature suggesting concomitant targeting of vascular and neoplastic structures. Radioisotopes with different physical properties, mainly beta-emitting metallic radionuclides, were implemented for brain tumor treatment. Based on their radiophysical properties, however, alpha emitters exhibit more promising properties. In investigator-initiated phase I and II studies, targeted alpha therapy using Bi-213/Ac-225 radiolabeled Substance P for malignant gliomas compare favorably with standard therapy, with the limitation that no large controlled series have so far been generated. Further development should focus on the improvement of the biological and chemical properties of the compound and the application by dedicated catheter systems to improve the intratumoral distribution of the radiopharmaceutical within growth and infiltrative zone of these glial neoplasms.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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