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|Title:||Dispersion and ground deposition of radioactive material according to airflow patterns for enhancing the preparedness to N/R emergencies|
|Authors:||HERNANDEZ CEBALLOS MIGUEL ANGEL; SANGIORGI MARCO; GARCIA PUERTA BLANCA; MONTERO PRIETO MILAGROS; TRUEBA ALONSO CRISTINA|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY vol. 216 p. 106178|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The intent of minimizing the impact of the large amount of radioactive material potentially released into the atmosphere in a nuclear event implies preparedness activities. In the early phase and in absence of field observations, countermeasures beyond the Emergency Planning Zone would largely rely on a previous characterization of the transport and dispersion of radioactive particles and the potential levels of radioactive contamination. This study presents a methodology to estimate the atmospheric transport, dispersion and ground deposition of radioactive particles based on an ensemble approach. The methodology starts identifying the main airflow directions by means of the air mass trajectories calculated by the HYSPLIT model, and, secondly, the dispersion and the ground deposition characteristics associated with each airflow pattern by running the RIMPUFF atmospheric dispersion model. From the basis of these results, different products for protective measures in early phases of a nuclear emergency can be obtained, such as the most probable transport direction, spatial probability distribution of deposits and the geographical probability distribution of deposits above certain predefined threshold. The method is tested based on the HYSPLIT trajectories and RIMPUFF simulations during five consecutive years (2012-2016) at the Almaraz Nuclear Power Plant, in Spain. 3644 forward air mass trajectories were calculated (at 00 and 12 UTC, and with duration of 36 hours). Eight airflow patterns were identified, and within each pattern, the “pure days”, i.e. those days in which trajectories at 00 and 12 UTC grouped into the same airflow pattern, were extracted to simulate for each day the atmospheric dispersion and ground deposition following a hypothetical ISLOCA accident sequence of 35 hours. In total, 833 simulations were carried out, in which ground contamination was estimated at cell level on a non-homogeneous geographical grid spacing up to 800 km from Almaraz. The corresponding outcomes show a large variability in the area covered and in deposits between airflow patterns, which provide comprehensive and oriented information and resources to decision makers to emergency management.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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