Title: Global warming and human impacts of heat and cold extremes in the EU
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC118540
ISBN: 978-92-76-12954-7 (online)
ISSN: 1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 29959 EN
OP KJ-NA-29959-EN-N (online)
URI: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC118540
DOI: 10.2760/47878
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: During intense heatwaves in June and July 2019, all-time temperature records were broken in many locations in Europe. These events are projected to happen more frequently and become more intense with climate change. Projections show that the number of citizens in the EU and UK exposed to heatwaves will grow from 10 million/year (average 1981-2010) to nearly 300 million/year, or more than half the EU population, in a scenario with 3°C global average warming by the end of this century. In case of no adaptation this could result in 96,000 fatalities/year from extreme heat, compared to 2,750 annual deaths at present. Curbing global warming to 1.5°C would limit mortality from extreme heat to around 30,000 fatalities/year. The rise in exposure to and projected fatalities from extreme heat is most pronounced in southern Europe. Milder winters will reduce significantly exposure to and fatalities from extreme cold, nearly 10-fold with 3°C global average warming by the end of this century.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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