Title: Big Earth Data Science: an Information Framework for a Sustainable Planet
Authors: GUO HUADONGNATIVI STEFANOLIANG DONGCRAGLIA MASSIMOWANG LIZHESCHADE SVENCORBAN CHRISTINAHE GUOJINPESARESI MARTINOLI JIANHUISHIRAZI ZEESHANLIU JIEANNONI ALESSANDRO
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DIGITAL EARTH vol. 13 no. 7 p. 743–767
Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC118642
ISSN: 1753-8947 (online)
URI: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17538947.2020.1743785
https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC118642
DOI: 10.1080/17538947.2020.1743785
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The digital transformation of our society coupled with the increasingexploitation of natural resources makes sustainability challenges morecomplex and dynamic than ever before. These changes will unlikely stopor even decelerate in the near future. There is an urgent need for a newscientific approach and an advanced form of evidence-based decision-making towards the benefit of society, the economy, and theenvironment. To understand the impacts and interrelationships betweenhumans as a society and natural Earth system processes, we propose anew engineering discipline, Big Earth Data science. This science is calledto provide the methodologies and tools to generate knowledge fromdiverse, numerous, and complex data sources necessary to ensure asustainable human society essential for the preservation of planet Earth.Big Earth Data science aims at utilizing data from Earth observation andsocial sensing and develop theories for understanding the mechanismsof how such a social-physical system operates and evolves. Themanuscript introduces the universe of discourse characterizing this newscience, its foundational paradigms and methodologies, and a possibletechnological framework to be implemented by applying an ecosystemapproach. CASEarth and GEOSS are presented as examples ofinternational implementation attempts. Conclusions discuss importantchallenges and collaboration opportunities
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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